Faisalabad (Urdu: فیصل آباد), formerly known as Lyallpur, is the third largest metropolis in Pakistan, the second largest in the province of Punjab after Lahore, and a major industrial center in the heart of Pakistan. Before the foundation of the city in 1880, the area was very thinly populated. The population has risen from 9,171 in 1901 to 979,000 in 1951 and to 1,977,246 in 1998. The larger Faisalabad district had a population of 5,429,547 million in 1998.
Nicknamed the Manchester of Asia, Faisalabad remains an important industrial city west of Lahore. The city-district of Faisalabad is bound on the north by the districts of Hafizabad andChiniot, on the east by Nankana Sahib, on the south by Sahiwal, and Toba Tek Singh and on the west by Jhang.
The city is at a road and railway junction, which has played an influential role in the development of Faisalabad's trade and economy. The surrounding countryside, irrigated by the Lower Chenab River, has seen expanded production of cotton, wheat, sugarcane,vegetables, and fruits, which form 55% of Pakistan's exports. The city is an industrial centrewith major railway repair yards, engineering works, and mills that process sugar, flour, andoil seed. Produce includes superphosphates, cotton and silk textiles, hosiery, dyes,industrial chemicals, beverages, apparels, pulp and paper, printing, agricultural equipment, and ghee (clarified butter). Faisalabad is the site of the prestigious University of Agriculture, founded in 1909.
Geography and climate
Faisalabad stands in the rolling flat plains of northeast Punjab, between longitude 73°74 East, latitude 30°31.5 North, with an elevation of 184 metres (604 ft) above sea level. The city proper covers an area of approximately 830 square kilometres (320 sq mi), while the district covers more than 15,000 square kilometres (5,800 sq mi).
There are no natural boundaries between Faisalabad and adjoining districts. The Chenab River flows about 30 km (19 mi) to the north-west while the River Ravi meanders about 40 km (25 mi) south-east of the city. The lower Chenab canal is the main source of irrigation water, which meets the requirements of 80% of cultivated land. The soil of Faisalabad comprises alluvial deposits mixed withloess having calcareous characteristics, making it very fertile.
Due to its high evapotranspiration, Faisalabad features an arid climate. The climate of the district can see extremes, with a summer maximum temperature 50 °C (122 °F) and a winter temperature of−1 °C (30 °F). The mean maximum and minimum temperature in summer are 39 °C (102 °F) and27 °C (81 °F) respectively. In winter it peaks at around 21 °C (70 °F) and 6 °C (43 °F) respectively. The summer season starts from April and continues till October. May, June and July are the hottest months. The winter season starts from November and continues till March. December, January and February are the coldest months. The average yearly rainfall lies only at about 200 mm (7.9 in) and is highly seasonal with approximately half of the yearly rainfall in the two months July and August.
Flora and fauna
The Ravi River flows on the eastern and the Chenab River on the western boundary of the district. No other river passes through it. Floods are caused by the overflow of the Ravi on account of heavy rains in its catchment areas during the monsoon. Floods are a recurrent feature since the rivers cannot hold the vast amount of water flowing from the northern areas to the south of the country. These floods cause extensive damage to crops and villages periodically. The provincial government is proposing dams and barrages to control the flow of water in the future. However, local settlements are not keen on this idea.
The wildlife of the district includes foxes, boars, jackals and wild cats. Among the birds there are usually partridges, pigeons, doves, tilliars,lal menas, bias, parrots, quails, pochards, mallards and teals.
Compared to its more tourist-attractive provincial capital, Lahore, Faisalabad is basically an industrial and agricultural city. It is the second largest business city in Punjab and it is a region for investment and economic prosperity. Textiles generate the best business in this city. There is a selection of sites and tourist attractions; however, even with such fast growth the country lacks historical significance since it was developed mostly in the last hundred years. The Faisalabad Clock Tower, locally called "Ghanta Ghar", was one of the first main market of Faisalabad and it is the oldest area of the city. Here you can find the remains of buildings which mainly belonged to the British Raj. This market has eight bazaars, forming a "Union Jack" (British flag), which can be seen from above. There are still structures from previous settlements such as ZoroastrianTemples, Buddhist Monasteries, Hindu mandirs and Sikh gurudwaras still visible, however, since the creation of Pakistan these have been converted into schools and museums. "D Ground" is the second most important market after Ghenta Ghar. The area has been continually developing into a shopping area with many brands from all over the world. It is seen at its busiest at night when local people come out for an outing.
The Jinnah Garden is probably the best known park in Faisalabad. It is locally known as "Company Baagh". The tomb of Sir James Broadwood Lyall is here. He was the founder of this city and the city was first named Lyallpur in his honour. There are many food outlets, walking paths and cycling lanes, and a huge fountain structure. The park is often used by the local council for rallies, concerts, shows and melas. Getwala Park is a small park situated on the edge of Faisalabad. It is popular for family picnics and relaxing. Canal Park is on the west bank of the Rakh Branch Canal. It is also a good place for families.
The are several water parks, incorporating swimmings pools, slides and similar facilities, as well as an amusement park located near the Iqbal Stadium.
Faisalabad Arts Council is near Iqbal Stadium. The council has a major role in promoting the cultural activities and the art in the city. It has an auditorium, Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Auditorium, named after Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan from Faisalabad, with a seating capacity of 500 people. Arts council organize many cultural events including exhibitions and cultural shows. The current resident director of the Arts Council is Ch Muhammad Asif Pervaiz, who has played an important role in its establishment and development.
An important cultural activity in Faisalabad is the culture of revering great Sufi saints. Faisalabad is home to the shrine of Sufi saints like Hazrat Noor Shah Wali and Hazrat Lasoori Shah. Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan are two of the famously known followers of Hazrat Lasoori Shah. A lot of religious congregations (Mahafils) are setup on the 11th day of every lunar month to revere the greatest name of Sufism Hazrat Syed Abdul-Qadir Gilani. A number of Mahafil e Nasheed/Naat are being held on the 12th of Rabi ul Awwal (third month of the Islamic calender) to celebrate the birth of Muhammad, prophet of Islam.
How to Reach
There are international flights to Faisalabad from:
Jeddah ( Saudi Arabia) - suspended
Dubai ( U.A.E)
Glasgow ( U.K) - PIA
It is used occasionally:
via Lahore airport.
via Karachi airport.
Via Islamabad airport.
Faisalabad is connected with Islamabad (the national capital), Lahore (the provincial capital) and other big cities by motorway and National Highway. You can easily catch a comfortable bus from these cities for Faisalabad,
Faisalabad is connected with all big cities of the country by rail. The most comfortable and affordable trains connects Faisalabad with Lahore and Karachi.
While in the city, you can hire a local cab or an auto rickshaw. There is a franchised bus service called "METRO"; it is also operated within the city. However, auto rickshaws stay out to be the favorite means of travel.
Where to Stay
Accommodation facility is available here in the form of different types of hotels.Only four star hotel in the city.
What to Eat
Faisalabadi cuisine is very much Punjabi cuisine. The samosas of Faisalabad are different from any others because here you can get the chatani variety. The very famous name Chacha Samosay Wala is in the D Ground and Babar Chowk. Dahi Bhale is prepared by a Thele Wala at Jinnah Coloney, near Chatri Wala Ground. Gol Gappay are basically made with flour into a ball shape and filled with black grams, onions, potatoes and other supplements. The most famous is a person who sells gole gappe on tehla in the start of the AminPur bazaar. A sour drink called "khatta" is served with them. Biryani and pulao are very popular. Jehangir's Murgh Pulao is popular. English and continental foods are easily available. There are some Punjabi drinks like rabri, lassi, limo pani and sugar cane rusk.
Besides the local cuisine, Faisalabad is home to many national and international renowned food chains.. A growing culture is of the Sheesha lounges and cafes like Jammin Java, Kaps and Sheesha lounge.
What to Do
Business - Faisalabad is basically an industrial and agricultural city. It shares 25% of the total exports of Pakistan. It is the second largest business city in Pakistan and it is a golden region for investment. Textiles generate the best business in this city.
What to Buy
Curtain & Sofa Fabric - You can buy excellent quality Jacquard and Plain Fabric for your home Decoration.
Clothing - Faisalabad is famous for its cloth and cloth related items throughout the world. It is the best market to buy home furnishings (bedsheets, curtains, towels etc.), personal clothing, and hosiery wear.
Cars - there are so many show rooms of cars in Faisalabad. In fact, Faisalabad has a large number of cars on the roads. One of the most famous show room of cars in Faisalabad is "Car Range".
Soap & Detergents Business - Faisalabad is known for its soap & detergents manufacturing share in Pakistan. Here exists large number of manufacturing units, those are producing and distributing the laundry, toilet & detergents to all over the country.
What to See
Manchester of Pakistan - Faisalabad, formerly named Lyallpur, is the hub of textile production in Pakistan. It is also known as the "Manchester of Pakistan".
Ghanta Ghar (clock tower) - This is the main market of Faisalabad and it is also the oldest area of the city. Here you can also find the remains of buildings which mainly belonged to the British Raj before Pakistan came into being. Interestingly, this market has eight bazaars (markets) which together form a "Union Jack" (British flag), being a part of the construction work under the British Raj.
GATWALA Park - is situated on the Faisalabad-Shekhupura Road. It is a common picnic spot for schools and occasionaly families.
D ground - is the second most important market after Ghanta Gghar. This is also the busiest area in the evening. Here local people usually come out in the evening just for outing. You will also find a lot of restaurants here.
Happy Land Water Park - is a beautiful park built up on international level. It is a complete entertainment centre for families. It has the biggest water slides in Pakistan. It is also equipped with amazing swings for both children and adults.
Rex City - is a a big computer market. Here you can find computer sales and service shop easily, as well as CD and mobile shops and computer software and hardware experts.
Internet Services - well known companies such as "Cyber net", Wolnet", "Dancom", "Nexlinx" and "Satcom" provide high speed Internet services.
Jinnah Garden - is also a beautiful park in the city commonly known as "Company Bagh". The tomb of H.E SIR CHARLES JAMES LYALL, is situated here. He was the founder of this city and the city was first named LYALL PUR in his honor.
Am Tex Waterfall - is located at Am Tex Squire, Abdullah Pur. It is the biggest artificial waterfall in Asia.
Canal Park - is located at the west bank of Rakh Branch Canal. It is also a good outing place for families.
THE CHENAB CLUB - The Majestic "Chenab Club" Standing in the shades of trees and complemented by vast lush green lawns, is located in the beautiful surroundings of "Jinnah Garden". The club is situated in the heart of the city, just a short walk from Railway Station and within walking distance of Clock Tower.
University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. More than 50 acadmic departments, offering upto Ph.D. degrees
National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Manawala, Faisalabad, Establised in 1958 and this is one of the most prestigious Textile School in the country. edit