Gwadar is located on the shores of the Arabian Sea in the western province of Balochistan. It is about 533 km from Karachi and 120 km from the Iranian border. Gwadar Port is located at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, just outside the Straits of Hormuz, near the key shipping routes in and out of the Persian Gulf Commercially, it is hoped that the Gwadar Port would generate billions of dollars in revenues and create at least two million jobs. In 2007, the government of Pakistan handed over port operations to PSA Singapore for 25 years, and gave it the status of a Tax Free Port for the following 40 years. The main investors in the project are Pakistani Government and People's Republic of China. China's plan to be engaged in many places along oil and gas roads is evident.
Pasni is a medium-sized town and a fishing port in Gwadar, Balochistan, Pakistan. It is located on the Makran coast on Arabian Sea about 300 km from Karachi. Administratively.
Climate of Gwadar
Gwadar is at 0-300 meters above sea level, is dry arid hot. The oceanic influence keeps the temperature lower than that in the interior in summer and higher in winter. The mean temperature in the hottest month (June) remains between 31°C and 32°. The mean temperature in the coolest month (January) varies from 18°C to 19°C. The uniformity of temperature is a unique characteristic of the coastal region in Balochistan. Occasionally, winds moving down the Balochistan plateau bring brief cold spells, otherwise the winter is pleasant. In Gwadar, winter is shorter than summer. Although Gwadar is not a monsoon region it still receives light monsoon showers coming from Karachi. But in winter, Western Disturbance can cause heavy Showers. Annual rainfall is only 100mm (3 inches). In June 2010, Gwadar city was battered by Cyclone Phet with record-breaking rains of 372mm and winds up to 75mph.
Gwadar's location and history have given it a unique blend of cultures. The Arabic influence upon Gwadar is strong as a consequence of the Omani era and the close proximity of other Arab-majority regions. The legacy of the Omani slave trade is observed in the population by the presence of residents which can trace their descent from the African slaves who were trafficked through the town. The area also has a remarkable religious diversity, being home to not only Sunni and Zikri Muslims, but also to groups of Christians, Hindus, Parsis, and various minorities such as the Ahmadies. The Makran region surrounding Gwadar was occupied by unknown Bronze age people who settled in the few oases. It later became the Gedrosia region of the Achaemenid Persian empire. The region is believed to have been conquered by the founder of the Persian empire, Cyrus the Great. The capital of the satrapy Gedrosia was Pura, thought to have been located near modern Bampûr, in modern Iranian Baluchestan. During the homeward march of Alexander the Great, his admiral Nearchus led a fleet along the modern Makran coast and recorded that the area ...
Gwadar Port is the third port of Pakistan - Karachi and Port Qasim being the other two. Gwadar borders on Arabian Sea and lies in the Balochistan Province. It is about 533 km from Karachi and 120 km from the Iranian border. Gwadar Port is located at the mouth of the Persian Gulf and outside the Straits of Hormuz. It is near the key shipping routes used by the mainline vessels in the region with connections to Africa, Asia and Europe and enjoys high commercial and strategic significance.
Various professional studies manifest that Gwadar Port location is the most advantageous one as an alternative port, which could handle mother ships and large oil tankers in due course.
It will act as catalyst for large number of related projects like:-
Trans-shipment of bulk cargo
Oil storage, refinery and petrochemicals
Export processing and industrial zones
Export of minerals/livestock
Services (hotels, accommodation, tourism)
A view of Gwadar Port
Port of Singapore was scheduled to take over management of Gwadar Port by the end of January 2007. Port of Singapore was the highest bidder for the Gwadar port after DP World backed out of the bidding process. Originally, the chairman of Dubai Ports World, Sultan Ahmed bin Sulayem, who met Pakistani president GeneralPervez Musharraf on May 5, 2006, expressed a strong hope for management of facilities at the strategic Gwadar deep sea port and development of infrastructure in the southern port city and elsewhere in Pakistan. But a decision was taken not to bid, after India’s National Security Council voiced concerns about DP World’s ventures in India, alongside its plans in Pakistan, and Sultan Ahmed bin Sulayem assured the Indians their pull-out was well considered and India need not have any security concerns. The port will now be in competition with that of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates
The purpose of developing this port is to stimulate economic growth in the western and northern parts of Pakistan, utilizing the available coastline resources of the country and also providing an outlet for the land locked Central Asian Countries and Afghanistan through transit trade and offering transshipment facilities.
Gwadar District Demography
Geographic Area – 12.637 sq. Coast Line – 600 km District Estimated Population 2004 – 215,000 Male / Female Ratio – 53.6 : 46.4 km. Population Density – 14.7 person per sq.km Population of Gwadar – estimated 72,000 Literacy Ratio – around 29%
Land Distances From Gwadar
- Quetta 970 Km
- Turbat 164 Km
- Gabd 120 Km
- Karachi 533 Km
- Ratodero 892 Km
Strategic location of Gwadar, and possible oil lines through the region
The Gwadar deep-sea port emerges as a place of great strategic value, enhancing Pakistan's importance in the whole region, extending from the Persian Gulf through the Indian Ocean to Southeast Asia and the Far East.
Gwadar is located on the southwestern coast of Pakistan, close to the important Straits of Hormuz, through which more than 13 million bpd of oil passes. It is strategically located between three increasingly important regions of the world: the oil-rich Middle East, heavily populated South Asia and the economically emerging and resource-rich Central Asia.
The construction of the Gwadar deep-sea port is just one component of a larger development plan which includes building a network of roads connecting Gwadar with the rest of Pakistan, such as the 650 km Coastal Highway to Karachi and the Gwadar-Turbat road (188 km). This network of roads connects with China through the Indus Highway. Pakistan, China, Kazakhistan, Kyrgizstan and Uzbekistan are developing extensive road and rail links from Central Asia and the Chinese province of Xinjiang to the Arabian Sea coast.
The Pakistani Government has initiated several projects, with majority financial and technical assistance from China, to develop Gwadar's strategic location as a goods transit and trade point. The primary project is the construction of a deep-sea port at Gwadar to enable high-volume cargo movement to and from the landlocked Central Asian states. The new port will also encompass conversion facilities to allow for the movement of natural gas as a part of plans for a termination point for the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan natural gas pipeline. The secondary project is a coastal highway connecting Gwadar to Karachi, whose $200 million cost will be completely financed by the Chinese. Gwadar will serve as a port of entry for oil and gas to be transported by land to the western regions of China.
The project's fate is tied to the decentralization of government in Pakistan. If an agreement is brokered with the Baluch, the Pakistani military will gain a strategic depth southwest from its naval base in Karachi that has long been vulnerable to blockade by the Indian Navy. China is going to be the beneficiary of Gwadar's most accessible international trade routes to the Central Asian republics and Xinjiang. By extending its East-West Railway from the Chinese border city of Kashi to Peshawar in Pakistan's northwest, Beijing can receive cargo to and from Gwadar along the shortest route, from Karachi to Peshawar. The rail network could also be used to supply oil from the Persian Gulf to Xinjiang. Pakistan's internal rail network can also provide China with rail access to Iran. Rail access will however be hampered somewhat by differences in gauge: China and Iran - 1435 mm; Pakistan - 1676 mm; Central Asia - 1524 mm.
Beauty of Gwadar
GAWADAR district, having 600 kilometers long coast line and un-irrigated tracts of Kulanch and Dasht valleys, is one of the most important coastal towns of Pakistan besides being the biggest fishing center in the entire coastal belt of Baluchistan.
At present Gwadar is considered to be one of the main centers of human activities in Baluchistan where socio-cultural programs are organized. Because of its closer affinity with the Gulf and increased traffic between the Gulf and Pakistan, it was upgraded as an international airport in 1970, connecting Muscat and Karachi. This is one place that attracted the attention of the Arabian Peninsular countries for centuries.
Ormara is a port city located 230 km east of Gwadar on the Arabian Sea,in the Makran or coastal region of the Baluchistan province of Pakistan. Most of the population of Ormara is Muslim. It has a port and fish harbor. The Jinnah Naval Base of Pakistan Navy is also located here.
Moreover, Pasni is a medium-sized town and a fishing port in Gwadar. It is located on the Makran coast on Arabian Sea about 300 km from Karachi. Administratively, Pasni is a sub-division of Gwadar district and includes Pasni and Ormara Tehsils (tehsil - county) as well as Astola Island, in the Arabian Sea.
An unexplored Harappan-era settlement known as SokhtaKoh is tucked away in the low hills, about 25 km north of Pasni. It is conjectured that this was an ancient Harappan outpost, which traded luxury wares with Mesopotamia and Persian Gulf settlements.
Also, if you enjoy watching the sunset, Jiwani is the right place for you. When the sun touches the sea water in the evening, it fosters the excitement in people. Tourists from all over the world pay visits to these cities and enjoy a daily stroll along the white sands of the renowned Virgin beach; or you can also swim and surf in the warm blue sea.
How to Reach
Karachi is the city from which Gwadar is closest and easiest accessible. You can either fly or else drive via the Makran Coastal Highway, which itself is a scenic journey, travel time is 7 hours.
Gwadar has a smaller airport operating to cater the local population.
· Gwadar Airport. The main airline flying from Karachi almost daily is PIA.
There are several buses shuttling between Gwadar and Karachi.
Car rental companies also offer cars for a fees and deposit.
Most Hotels offer Rent-a-Car services
rent a car fleet comprises of latest saloon, medium and large vans, 4 WD jeeps, double cabin trucks, 4 Wheel motor bikes for trekking around the hotel and water scooters. It also offers air port transfers, city tours, desert safaris, trips to adjoining seaside cities.
Where to Stay
Gwadar Tourism provides accommodation to tourists at Hotel. The hotel, having 114 luxury class rooms, is situated on the cliff over looking the entire expanse of Gwadar city. Close to the hotel, there are various hot spots which one can visit.
The rare sight of date trees near the shore is a sight which forces a person to stop and ponder over the beauty. Its unspoiled beaches with wild birds and the simplicity of the natives are equally relaxing to mind and body. The surrounding has abundance of fresh air as one crosses the dense forests to reach the destination.
The Jinnah naval base of Pakistan Navy is located at Ormara. Being an isolated town, it remained undeveloped, however with the naval presence around, life has taken a positive change for the locals. It has a population of about 40 thousand people and still offers a traditional look. Livelihood of most of its resident is fishing; few of them are also working in Middle East countries.Main activities
What to Eat
restaurant offers Barbecue.
an authentic a Chinese restaurant.
Coffee shop, (Located high above the harbor). Offers panoramic views of the Arabian Sea.
What to do
Water bike / jet skies
Yamaha Wave Runners Machines that stir your imagination.
SCUBA (Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus) diving is swimming underwater, or taking part in another activity, while using a scuba set.
Desert safaris are available on Saturdays. This safari tour takes you right into the heart of the desert where you experience the excitement, down the astonishing high dunes. A stop for a breathtaking view of the endless desert will give you an opportunity to watch the sun-set over this tranquil scenery.
Boating and fishing
The adventure starts soon as you get into the water. You would be enjoying giant fishes, turtles; stingrays have all been spotted along with the boating experience. Fishing
Gwadar Active,. This relaxing and free-form voyage takes us through many of the least-developed along the shore of Arabian Sea. We start our tour in Karachi, then head south through Hub, Hingol National Park and Ormra, stopping off at isolated beaches, traditional fishing villages and small towns along the way. As well as learning much of the way of life of the local people on this sea shore, we stop frequently to snorkel, swim and perhaps try our hand at fishing for our lunch!
Places of Attraction
· Hingol National park-Cruising on the coastal highway approximately 190 km from Karachi you will come across Hingol National Park the largest in Pakistan. You can observe wildlife in its natural habitat and there is even a natural underground Hingol river where you can swim.
. Master pieces of nature can be seen in hectares with wild life thriving in abundance. One can see rare species only found in this part of the world. Oldest Hindu temple is located in this area visited by worshipers from abroad and within.
· Kundmalir Beach- A must see place. It is the beautiful desert beach near Hingol, some 145km from Zero-Point on Makran Coastal Highway. It lies next to the huge mountains and together it give a wild look to the place. Enjoy the desert safari and breathtaking view of the desert.
· Buzi Pass- Travelling on the Makran costal highway about 6 km away from KundMalir one would be struck by the sublime beauty of the smooth road of Buzi Pass as it snakes its way through the mountain. Sitting in a car on the Buzi Pass one can enjoy the vast blue water of the Arabian Sea on one side, then turn your head and marvel at the grandeur of majestic mountains on the other side. When you look at the lofty peaks along the coastal highway you will observe the princes of hope and lion of Balochistan.
· Ormara Beach- is one of the most beautiful long beach around the edge. Amazing blue Green beaches, Golden sand, and incredible natural beauty and fauna makes it worth a visit. Stay at the beach hut at Ormara Beach Resort city.
· Gwadar Port
· West Bay Beach